TU || Flax Golden Tales || Four Levels of Interpretation Lesson 26

Level: B.A/ B.B.S || Lesson 26 Adaptive Failure: Easter’s End (Jared Diamond, USA 1937)

Words Meaning

Posed = created

Riveting = exciter

Mysteries = secrets

Succumb = surrender

Unsurpassed = matchless

Gigantic = terrible

Canoe = small boat

Frail = weak

Voyage = sea journey

Impoverished = made poor

Enhanced = improved

Beset = surrounded

Mild = moderate

Deserved = earned fame

Flimsy = weak

Trace = massive

Coast = sea shore

Image = statue

Incredulous = uncertain

Savage = enthusiastic

Expedition = journey

Colonized = ruled

Quarries = mines

Trace = print

Astonishment = wonder

Spawned = produced

Peculation = expectation

Ancestors = forefathers

Exotic = foreign

Erected = built

Vanish = disappear

Incredulous = unbelievable

Feasibility = possibility

Ultramodern = very modern

Furnishes = decorates

Sled = walk on snow

Cared = erected

Extinct = disappear

Pristine = scared

Chewed = bitten

Mogul = rich man

Ostentatious = false pride

Ample = enough

Leeched = depended

Dragger = knife or sword

Whimper = slowly

Electorates = voters

Flee = run away

Bureaucrats = policy makers

Exhausted = tried

Famished = hungry

Halt = stop

Fossil = remaining

Thugs = looters

Prodigious = powerful

Discarded = not needed, unnecessary

Doom = death, ruined

Pharaoh = ruler of ancient Egypt

Statuette = small statue

Lugging = pulling

Rival = competitor

Clans = tribes

Surplus = extra

Bang = sound of gum

Galvanizing = motivating

Summary

This is about Easter Island. This island lies in the pacific Ocean. It is 200 miles West of South America. It’s name remained from its discovery by the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Day in 1722. Many researchers like Jacob Roggeveen, James Cook, Eric Von Damiken, Tho rHeyerdhal and David Steadman did their research work on this island. The research work was made in the field of archeology, pollen analysis and paleontology.

First of all Jacob discovered this island in 1722, then it wasn’t good place. There were shrubs and small insects. The island was occupied by 2000 human population. Then James Cook observed this island in 1774. The people who lived there used to speak Polynesian language and there were 200 big stone statues. These statues indicate high cultured society different from the Roggeveen saw in 1722. Thor Heyerdahal argued that Easter Island must have been settled by advanced societies. Similarly, Eric Von Daniken viewed that Easter’s statues to be the works of extraterrestrial intelligent beings with ultra modern tools. Modern archeological excavations of Easter Island continued since Heyerdahl’s journey.

The pollen analysis shows that human beings arrived at Easter Island at least 30,000 years ago and human settlement began 1600 years ago. The first settlers of this island ate sea bird, rats, seals etc. the pollen analysis of the plants was done by John Flenley and Sarah King. Gradually trees were destroyed by the people. The deforestation affected the other animals badly. The birds that used to spread seeds of plants disappeared. The water resources dried up. There was starvation and people started killing human beings for food and stated to make stone weapons. Around the 1770, they probably started to destroy the statues of their enemies.

Four Levels of Interpretation

  1. Literal Comprehension

This is about Easter Island. This island lies in the pacific Ocean. It is 200 miles West of South America. It’s name remained from its discovery by the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Day in 1722. Many researchers like Jacob Roggeveen, James Cook, Eric Von Damiken, Tho rHeyerdhal and David Steadman did their research work on this island. The research work was made in the field of archeology, pollen analysis and paleontology.

First of all Jacob discovered this island in 1722, then it wasn’t good place. There were shrubs and small insects. The island was occupied by 2000 human population. Then James Cook observed this island in 1774. The people who lived there used to speak Polynesian language and there were 200 big stone statues. These statues indicate high cultured society different from the Roggeveen saw in 1722. Thor Heyerdahal argued that Easter Island must have been settled by advanced societies. Similarly, Eric Von Daniken viewed that Easter’s statues to be the works of extraterrestrial intelligent beings with ultra modern tools. Modern archeological excavations of Easter Island continued since Heyerdahl’s journey.

The pollen analysis shows that human beings arrived at Easter Island at least 30,000 years ago and human settlement began 1600 years ago. The first settlers of this island ate sea bird, rats, seals etc. the pollen analysis of the plants was done by John Flenley and Sarah King. Gradually trees were destroyed by the people. The deforestation affected the other animals badly. The birds that used to spread seeds of plants disappeared. The water resources dried up. There was starvation and people started killing human beings for food and stated to make stone weapons. Around the 1770, they probably started to destroy the statues of their enemies.

  1. Interpretation

The writer tries to show the human beings are responsible for the destruction of natural beauty. He shows human beings set up civilization and they themselves destroy the civilization. So, he presents the real picture Easter Island where once there was paradise. People being to destroy that island in 800 AD. People exploited resources.

  1. Critical Thinking

This essay is based on research work done by different researchers. But the writer hasn’t given facts for what was real cause of destruction and what is the present condition of that island now. He hasn’t clearly mentioned that how the people went there for the first time.

  1. Assimilation

When I read this essay, I remembered the condition of Mahendranagar. When I joined Siddha Nath Multiple Campus, there used to be lots of saal trees either sides of the road in Katan and there were also statues in the Town. There were beautiful lamps around these statues. But after 12 years these statues were broken down and trees were cut down. In place of green jungle, big houses were built.

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