note credit : shruti gautam
Notes of chemistry Chapter 1:
This law gives the relation between volume and temperature of gas at constant temperature. It states that at constant pressure the volume of given mass of gas is increased or decreased by 1/273 of its volume at o Degree rise in temperature . Thus, V0 be then according to the law volume of gas at 1 degree celious
At 2degree celious
at T degree
let v1 and v2 be the volume of a gas at two different temperature t1 degree celcious and t2 degree celicious temperature respectively at constant pressure. We can write
V is directly proportinal to temperature
Hence charles law also state that at constant pressure the volume of given mass is directly porpotional to absloute temperature of gas.
Temperature Representation of charles law
Charle’s law can be Represented graphical by plotting volume of given mass of a gas against the temperature (on celsius scale) at constant pressure. A straight line is obtained which shows that the volume of gas at constant pressure is linear function of its temperature.
The temperature -273 is called absloute 0 degree temperature at that temperature the volume of all gases becomes 0.
Avogardro’s law states that “under similiar condition of temperature and pressure equall volumes of all gases contain equall number of molecules.”
Thus it follows that the volume of gases is directly proportional to the number of molecules at constant pressure and temperature.
V is directly proportional to n at Constant pressure and temperature.
Combined gas Equation
Boyle’s law and charles law gives seperately the effect of pressure and temperature on the volume of gas.
Combined gas equation gives simultance usuly about the effect of change of pressure and temperature on the volume of gas.
Let, The volume of mass of gas changed from V1 to V2 when pressure from p1 to p2 and temperature from t1 to t2 in following two types.
first suppose that volume of gas changes from v1 to vx and pressure from p1 to p2 at constant temperature “T”. Then according to Boyle’s law,
look at the picture for full equation
For 1 mole of gas the constant term k changed into R, which is also called universal gas constant.
Eq.2 is ideal gas equation for 1 mole of gas. For n mole of gas the ideal gas equation is
Nature of Gas constant(R)
From ideal gas equation PV=NRT
=Pressure * volume/no.of mole* absolute temperature
=force*volume/area*no.of mole*absolute temperature
=force*length/no.of mole *absolute temperature
=work/no.of mole* absolute temperature
Thus, R Represent workdone per mole per degree
SI unit of R= J mole-1k-1
R=8.314 J mol-1k-1
=0.0821 litre atom mole-1k-1
Ideal Gas equation in terms of density
Ideal Gas Equation can be changed in terms of density as follows ;
If “m” be the mass of gas “m” be the molecular weight of gas, then moles of gas.
Important Questions of chemistry