TU || Flax Golden Tales || Four Levels of Interpretation Lesson 28

Level: B.A/ B.B.S || Lesson 28 The Lunatic (Laxmi Prasad Devkota 1909-1959)

Words Meaning

Lunatic = mad, insane

Plight = bad luck

Fragrance = good smell

Ethereal = not in good

Pebble = small pieces of stone

Visualize = to view

Enchantress = beautiful

Mollify = calm

Glistening = shining

Eloquent = good way of speaking

Muddled = confused

Frigid = cold

Orator = a person who delivers speech

Choked = suffocated

Denounce = abuse

Denies = disagree

Penance = fast

Serpent = snake

Irate = upset

Murky = disagree

Shady = dishonest

Ambrosia = elixir

Whirl = to move, wind

Celestial = heavenly, godly

Dim –witted = dull minded

Mute = silent

Inscrutable = mysterious

Badge = medal

Devour = to get greedy

Tempest = storm

Distorted = deformed

Distorted = deformed

Eccentric =mad

Strumpet = prostitute

Thriving = becoming successful

Pauper = poor

Laurelled = victorious

Frenzied = mad

Corpse = car cass

Exfoliating = shinning

Eruption = explosion

Conflagration = destructive fire

Iconoclast = critic

Gnash = to grind jaw

Distorted = twisted

Minted = inverted

Summary

In this poem Devkota takes himself as a mad man. This is an autobiographical poem. He shows his anger towards those who take himself great and civilized. The poet presents himself different form others. He says that he can see hear the noise. He feels the existence of the things; which the people of the world can’t see. Other people have five senses but he has six senses. He says that other people only use five senses but he uses six senses so he understands others pains, troubles. Similarly, he can taste fragrance, tough unreal things. He says that he works with heart but common people work with brain. Rose is Helen and Padmini for him but for others is simply a flower Rose.

Dreams and imaginations are meaningful to him. He says that his world is made of vapor and dream, gold and diamond. He doesn’t mind to be crucified like Jesus. He feels that silent mountains are expressing so many things to him. One day when the poet started sighing with the tempest, the so-called intellectual people took him Rachis.

For the poet Nawab’s wine is all blood, the courtesans are all corpses and king is the poor and helpless. Highly learned men are fool and people’s heaven is hell. Their victory is defeat and their progression is regression. He attacks upon political leaders. He expresses his anger against shameless leaders who pretend as if they are doing much form common people but in reality they cheat innocent people.

He wants to destroy useless traditions and hates selfishness of people. Due to such a bad behaviours of the so-called people he wants to be like fire, tempest and Volcano so that he could burn everything. He calls leaders blind.

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Four Levels of Interpretation

  1. Literal Comprehension

This is an autobiographical poem. In this poem Devkota takes himself as a mad man. This is an autobiographical poem. He shows his anger towards those who take himself great and civilized. The poet presents himself different form others. He says that he can see hear the noise. He feels the existence of the things; which the people of the world can’t see. Other people have five senses but he has six senses. He says that other people only use five senses but he uses six senses so he understands others pains, troubles. Similarly, he can taste fragrance, tough unreal things. He says that he works with heart but common people work with brain. Rose is Helen and Padmini for him but for others is simply a flower Rose.

Dreams and imaginations are meaningful to him. He says that his world is made of vapor and dream, gold and diamond. He doesn’t mind to be crucified like Jesus. He feels that silent mountains are expressing so many things to him. One day when the poet started sighing with the tempest, the so-called intellectual people took him Rachis.

For the poet Nawab’s wine is all blood, the courtesans are all corpses and king is the poor and helpless. Highly learned men are fool and people’s heaven is hell. Their victory is defeat and their progression is regression. He attacks upon political leaders. He expresses his anger against shameless leaders who pretend as if they are doing much form common people but in reality they cheat innocent people.

He wants to destroy useless traditions and hates selfishness of people. Due to such a bad behaviours of the so-called people he wants to be like fire, tempest and Volcano so that he could burn everything. He calls leaders blind.

  1. Interpretation

The poet wants to show the hypocrisy of so-called leaders as well as intellectuals who take themselves great but in reality they cheat common innocent people. He expresses his anger towards those who don’t have pity and consideration for poor and helpless people. Each stanza brings out a different aspect of the speaker’s character’s: Confidence, abnormality, imagination, sensitivity, rebellion, anger etc. In shot this poem tries to show hollowness of so called people.

  1. Critical Thinking

This poem is rather complex. This is full of satire. There is picture of a harsh world. But it is difficult to understand why he became so furious against so called people.

  1. Assimilation

When I read this poem, I remembered something about so-called people of my society. There are some people who wear white Kurta surwal and join religious programmes and pretend as if they are doing something for people but in reality they are cheating innocent people.

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