Restoration Drama and Prose – Literature | Major English

Restoration Drama and Prose – Literature | Major English | Meropaper | HSEB

Restoration Drama:

  • The Monarchy was restored in 1660 under Charles II.
  • Literature also changed, the theatres re-opened and the new dramas were written.
  • The heroic plays were popular during this period.
  • The men are splendidly brave and the women are shown wonderfully beautiful in the heroic plays.
  • ‘The conquest of Granada’ by John Dryden is written in heroic Couplets.
  • His heroic play Aurangzeb about the struggle for empire in India.
  • ‘The Rehearsal’ by the second the Duke of Backinghum is a comedy.
  • Similarly Thomas ottway’s ‘The Orphan’ and Venice preserved are tragedies.
  • The new kind of play, The comedy of manners was introduced by sir George in the end of the 17th
  • Comedy of manners are witty, heartless.
  • They give of picture of the immoral manners of society of the day.
  • ‘The man of mode’ by George Etherege is a comedy of manners.
  • William Congreve’s ‘the old bachelor’ is about an old man. He pretends to hate women bu marries a bad one.
  • Oliver Gold smith, Sir John Vanbrough, Sheridon etc are some dramatists of the restoration period.

Restoration Prose:

  • The prose of the restoration period was clear simple and direct.
  • The criticism was one of the trends of the prose work.
  • ‘Essay on Dramatic Prose’ by Dryden is about the comparison of English and French dramas.
  • John Bunyan’s Prose work is simple and clear. His ‘The pilgrim’s progress’ has given the English language some names of places and people.
  • Bunyan’s the Holy war is his own experiences as soldier on the side of the parliament in the civil war.
  • Similarly, John Locke’s ‘Essay on the Human understanding’ gave a new direction to thought.
  • Locke’s writing style is clear regarding language and ideas.
  • Writing of the diaries has the important places during the Restoration Period.
  • Samuel Pepys, John Evelyn etc. were some well known diarists of the time.
  • Samuel wrote a diary which gives details of many things and events.

Heroic Plays:

  • The heroic play is a form of drama in which men (male character) are splendidly brave and women are wonderfully beautiful.
  • There is a lot of shouting and a good deal of nonsense.
  • These plays are written in heroic couplets.
  • Heroic couplets a form of meter perfected by John Dryden.
  • These are extraordinary situations in the heroic plays.
  • There kinds of situations are sometimes criticized.
  • ‘The conquest of Granada’ is Dryden’s one of the best plays. It contains lyrics and good language.
  • Heroic plays were widely written during the Restoration Period.

Comedy of Manners:

  • A new kind of comedy that was written in the end of the 17th century is called the comedy of manners.
  • Comedy of manners is witty, heartless and hard.
  • This kind of comedy was introduced by George Etherege.
  • ‘The man of mode’ by Etherege is about the immoral manners of the society of the day.
  • Similarly, ‘The old Bachelor’ of William Congreve is about and old man who pretends to hate women but marries a bad one.
  • Williams other comedy of manners are ‘Double Dealer’ love for etc.
  • Sir John Vanbrugh wrote comedies like ‘The Relopse’ the provoked life etc.

Read more articles

Romeo and Juliet – Literature | Major English

Comments

comments

Hemant

Hemant Chaudhary is an student 19 years old. He is interested in Hacking, Blogging,coding. He like to Visit new Places and make new Friends. He used to Learn His web works From Friends and Currently is is CEO and Founder of Meropaper and meroreview.com